Itapuã House / ESTUDIOFAROL

first_imgCopyAbout this officeESTUDIOFAROLOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcreteBrick#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesSalvadorBrazilPublished on March 28, 2017Cite: “Itapuã House / ESTUDIOFAROL” [Casa Itapuã / ESTUDIOFAROL] 28 Mar 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – Metropol ClassicVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ Abrasion ResistantPartitionsSkyfoldChoosing the Skyfold Wall for Your SpaceCarpetsB&B ItaliaCarpet – TwistBeams / PillarsLunawoodThermowood Frames and BearersMembranesEffisusHow to use Fire Protection MembranesSoftware / CoursesSculptformSpecification Tool – Price and Spec AppFittingsHOPPEFloor Spring – AR2950DoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile FILO 10 Vertical Pivot Door | BrezzaWood Boards / HPL PanelsInvestwoodViroc Nature for False Ceilings and FlooringFiber Cements / CementsDuctal®Textured PanelAcousticConwedAcoustic Panels – Eurospan®More products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream CopyHouses•Salvador, Brazil Houses Itapuã House / ESTUDIOFAROLSave this projectSaveItapuã House / ESTUDIOFAROL ArchDaily Brazil ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/867893/itapua-house-estudiofarol Clipboard Manufacturers: Alumiart, Deca, Fortlev, TigreConstruction Supervision:ESTUDIOFAROLConsulting:Engº Eduardo CostaStructure Engineer:A5 engenhariaMEP:Gurgel e Castro engenhariaBuilder:Gurgel e Castro engenhariaAuthors:Carolina Gabrieli, Fagner Novaes, Carolina CarvalloCity:SalvadorCountry:BrazilMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Exídio CorreiaRecommended ProductsWoodGustafsWood Veneered Wall & Ceiling PanelsResidential ApplicationsFastmount®Heavy Duty Panel Fastener at ‘Sandboxes’ HouseDoorsSaliceSliding Door System – Slider S20DoorsJansenDoors – Folding and SlidingText description provided by the architects. Located on a small cross street to Dorival Caymmi Avenue in Itapuã, the house that bears the same name as the fascinating neighborhood of Salvador was born by the necessity of the owner to live and work in the same place. The house holder, Dj and company owner that provides physical structure for small and medium events, wanted above all a practical residence, durable and easy to maintain.Save this picture!PlanThe estudiofarol proposal was for the building to be executed in two stages, the first one (currently built)is the initial embryo of the residence together with the space destined to the company and the second stage would be the enlargement of the residence in a superior floor that will be executed in the future.Save this picture!© Exídio CorreiaThe house is located on the west side of the building, opening to the north, south and east faces. The neighboring building on the west together with the blind wall of this face protect the house of the solar incidence from the west of the location but allows the access of indirect illumination coming from the north and east faces. The northbound front recoil makes it possible to park both the owner’s vehicle on the east side and the truck´s company on the west side, which is higher so that the trunk of the truck is protected from rain while unloading.Save this picture!Winter SunSave this picture!Summer SunThe access to the company is done directly in front of the building while the access to the house is done by the side through a strip of reinforced concrete plates that lead the user to the living room and service area.Save this picture!© Exídio CorreiaThe entire layout of the needs program, extremely compact, is made using as few internal divisions as possible. The part of the residence has only the walls of the toilet that make the living room / bedroom division while the company area has only one wall that isolates the toilet from the ​​deposit and administration that share the same space. There is also an external service area that connects the kitchen and the leisure area and is slightly away from the company wall so that ventilation of the same is protected.Save this picture!PerspectiveThe constructive system was designed for a little and easy maintenance, with all the structure apparent, as it came out of the forms of plasticized plywood receiving only three coats of silicone to protect it from the weather. The slabs have small swings of 50 cm, around the whole building, to protect the masonry and the frames of heavy rains.Save this picture!© Exídio CorreiaIt was decided to use ceramic brick masonry, eliminating some stages of the conventional system such as slabs and plaster. Conventional masonry was used only on the walls where there would be hydraulic installations that would need to be embedded.Save this picture!© Exídio CorreiaThe electrical and rainwater installations were left apparent and painted black to contrast with the brown of the pottery and the white of some of the internal walls.Save this picture!© Exídio CorreiaAll the frames of the house were executed in a simple system of anodized aluminum with a black color except the large access door to the company that was executed in galvanized steel structure and the door leaf in perforated plate in the same material, both painted in synthetic enamel in red color. The perforated plate allows a constant renewal of the air inside the deposit minimizing possible typical odors of this type of area.Save this picture!© Exídio CorreiaThe Itapuã house is part of a line of thought of the estudiofarol that seeks the fundamental aspects of construction stripping it of any superfluous or unnecessary aspect in order to bring the architecture to its fundamental role of shelter.Save this picture!© Exídio CorreiaProject gallerySee allShow lessDROR’s Parkorman Park in Istanbul Will Let Visitors Trampoline through the TreetopsUnbuilt ProjectNew Renderings Revealed of SHoP and West 8’s $3.5 Billion Schuylkill Yards ProjectArchitecture News Share “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/867893/itapua-house-estudiofarol Clipboard Area:  90 m² Photographs Projects Photographs:  Exídio Correia Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Save this picture!© Exídio Correia+ 29 Share Architects: ESTUDIOFAROL Area Area of this architecture project “COPY” Itapuã House / ESTUDIOFAROLlast_img read more

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The Road Ahead for Mortgage & Housing

first_img  Print This Post Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Greg McBride is the SVP and Chief Financial Analyst for Bankrate.com, with over two decades’ worth of experience in personal finance. A regular staple the cable news scene, McBride regularly provides insights on the financial landscape to networks such as CNN, CNBC, and Fox Business Network. He is also Treasurer for the Board of Directors of ClearPoint Credit Counseling Solutions, an Atlanta-based nonprofit credit counseling agency.DS News recently spoke to McBride about the state of the mortgage and housing industry, the impacts of tax reform, and which emerging technologies have the chance to reshape the industry.You’ve predicted that HELOC borrowers might see an increase of around 75 basis points during 2018. What sort of factors went into that prediction?That is a reflection of the baseline assumption of three rate hikes from the Federal Reserve. The way HELOCs work is that the majority of them are pegged to the prime rate. And so any rate hike by the Federal Reserve is effectively passed directly through to HELOC borrowers. Usually in one to two statement cycles. So, with three rate hikes … I’m forecasting three rate hikes from the Fed this year, that’s going to translate into to a 75 basis point increase. Now, the other thing to keep in mind is, timing may come into play here, in the sense that there was a rate hike in mid-December. So, a lot of borrowers, when they get the January or February statement, they’re going to see their rate going up a quarter percentage point by virtue of that December rate hike. So, depending on the timing, you might see your rate at the end of the year being 75 basis points higher, or it could be 100 basis points higher. Depending upon timing of when your lender adjusted for the December 2017 rate hike, and when in the calendar the rate hikes for 2018 occur.Forecasts range from 0 to 5. There does seem to be a clustering around the three mark. But nonetheless, there are a lot of factors that could change that. I think the wild card, at this point, is inflation. Inflation could prompt them to be more aggressive, or it could give them the latitude to sit back and be less aggressive. Global developments, the performance of financial markets, the pathway the economy takes. All of those are relevant variables to when and how much the Federal Reserve moves on interest rates.What are some of the bigger trends and challenges that you see on the horizon for the mortgage industry in 2018? Is there anything that really stands out, or anything … even the sort of lessons that have carried over from 2017?Well, I wouldn’t put this as a huge challenge, just that I think it’s a reflection of the reality, is that if mortgage rates trend higher during the year, that’s going to put more of a damper on refinancing activity. And require lenders to have more of a focus on homebuying activity. And what has kind of been hamstringing the housing market is the lack of inventory of available homes for sale. You can’t buy it if it’s not for sale. So there are a lot more people that want to buy homes than are actually buying them. And that’s nothing new, by the way. That is a continuation of what we saw in 2017, and even in 2016. But if you intersect that with rates going up by any measure, it further takes away the refinancing activity.What do you foresee happening with that sort of interplay between buying and renting, during the next year?I think occupancy rates will still be very high. For landlords, I think the demand for rentals will still be very strong, even if they’re not in a position, necessarily, to raise rents. In some markets, I think there’s likely to be price pressure that may limit the ability to raise rents. Whereas in other markets, it can continue to be really strong and be supportive of raising rents. But regardless of the local market dynamics regarding price, I think there’s a fair chance that occupancy is going to be strong enough that it’s a positive year for landlords.Do you see the potential for local housing bubbles in certain markets in 2018?There are certain markets where values are very stretched, and prices are just completely divorced from the pocketbook realities of what people can afford to pay. And so that’s where I think the risk lies. On the national basis, no, the bubble is not in real estate. It may very well be in bitcoin, but it is not in real estate.What are the emerging technologies you think will have a major impact on the housing and mortgage industry in 2018 and beyond?Well, I think the future is blockchain. That’s what is going to have a future, and will have a broad impact on the financial world in years to come and again, I don’t know that that necessarily reaches a tipping point in 2018. I think that the water’s going to continue to flow downhill, with regard to blockchain becoming more relevant, going forward. But as for specific cryptocurrencies [like bitcoin], I’m extremely skeptical of their viability and particular of the value that speculators have placed on it.Do you think blockchain will mainly be useful just as far as easing communication and paperwork issues? Or do you see some other factor?I think it kind of cuts down on the paperwork bureaucracy, over time, I think it cuts down on the paperwork intensiveness of mortgage transactions. And just financial transactions in general. Ultimately, it’s something that reduces the cost of transactions. But again, I think that’s sort of a continual evolution. It’s not something that necessarily is on the cusp of a tipping point.What do you foresee as being the biggest impacts as that goes forward, on the housing industry and the servicing industry?You’re certainly going to see a dampening of demand for home equity borrowing. And people just may increasingly resort to cash-out refinancing, for example, to tap equity. People will, to the extent that people may have been inclined to use home equity for big ticket purchases like automobiles, that will certainly be much less the case. Particularly with auto loan rates as low as they are. I think a couple of the limitations that have a particularly hard regional impact are limitations on mortgage interest deductibility, the reduction from $1,000,000 to $750,000. I think that disincentivizes somebody who’s got a mortgage that’s more than $750,000 from relocating.So, I think there’s a tendency that that could dilute people moving, within those high cost markets. Because they don’t want to lose the bigger tax deduction. Unless they’re trading down. I mean, they may do that. But if they have a $900,000 mortgage, and they’re moving up to a $2,000,000 house, I think the tax deductibility may disincentivize that to some extent.Also, the limitations on the deductibility of state and local taxes. I think that’s something that could also have an impact on demand in high cost markets. Less incentive to move into the market, less incentive to move within the market. And I think it certainly does not provide any support for current price levels. Sign up for DS News Daily The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Tagged with: Bankrate Bankrate.com greg mcbride Previous: Hladik, Onorato & Federman, LLP Welcomes Steven Horne to the Firm Next: Transformational Mortgage Solutions Announces New President & COO About Author: David Wharton Subscribe Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago The Road Ahead for Mortgage & Housing Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Bankrate Bankrate.com greg mcbride 2018-01-20 David Wharton in Daily Dose, Featured, Headlines, Journal, News January 20, 2018 1,436 Views Home / Daily Dose / The Road Ahead for Mortgage & Housing Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Share Save Related Articleslast_img read more

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O’Cuiv urges Government to invest in West of Ireland

first_imgNews Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH Google+ WhatsApp Twitter By News Highland – August 21, 2013 Google+ WhatsApp O’Cuiv urges Government to invest in West of Ireland Facebook LUH system challenged by however, work to reduce risk to patients ongoing – Dr Hamilton Twittercenter_img Facebook Pinterest RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR The government is being urged to ringfence a significant proportion of the new Ireland Strategic Investment Fund for the West and North West.Galway TD and former minister Eamon Ó Cuív says the West is consistently left behind when it comes to enterprise investment, and this new fund should be used to kickstart new projects in the region from Donegal to Clare.Mr O’Cuiv says with a total fund of 6.7 billion euro included in the new fund, the Western Development Commission should be given a minimum of 100 million euro to invest on local projects.He says the commission has already proven it is up to the job………..[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/ocuiv830.mp3[/podcast] Pinterest Three factors driving Donegal housing market – Robinson NPHET ‘positive’ on easing restrictions – Donnelly Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published Previous articleTyrone woman arrested in Peru on suspicion of drug smuggling has been chargedNext articleUpdate – DVLA rejects Durkan’s interpretation of Coleraine jobs consultation document News Highland Almost 10,000 appointments cancelled in Saolta Hospital Group this weeklast_img read more

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Donegal to play Ulster select in honour of Michaela Mc Areavy

first_imgNews Twitter Twitter Facebook Donegal to play Ulster select in honour of Michaela Mc Areavy Pinterest Pinterest WhatsApp WhatsApp Google+ Donegal’s footballers will take part in a major fundraiser in memory of Michaela McAreavey next month.Jim McGuinness’s men go up against a selection of Ulster stars as the main attraction of the “Match for Michaela – A Festival with Football,” details of which were announced by Ulster GAA yesterday.The event, which will be compered by RTÉ DJ Hector Ó hEochagáin and feature music including X Factor finalist Janet Devlin, takes place in Belfast’s Casement Park on Saturday 3 November.The daughter of Tyrone football manager Mickey Harte and husband of Down inter-county player John McAreavey, Michaela’s murder while on honeymoon in Mauritus in January 2011 left the GAA community in shock.All funds raised will go to the Michaela Foundation, set up last summer to celebrate the 27-year-old’s life and inspire her values in young people.Michaela’s father Mickey Harte, will help Armagh manager Joe Kernan take charge of Ulster for the challenge match. RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORcenter_img 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Facebook Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Google+ Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Previous articleMc Monagle wants council to board up fire damaged houseNext articleImpromptu decision to visit ill brother leaves Derryman in court News Highland Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal By News Highland – October 2, 2012 Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan firelast_img read more

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Standing Counsel Appears For Private Parties Against Govt: Calcutta HC Seeks Reply From Bar Council Of India, State Bar Council [Read Order]

first_imgNews UpdatesStanding Counsel Appears For Private Parties Against Govt: Calcutta HC Seeks Reply From Bar Council Of India, State Bar Council [Read Order] LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK21 Sep 2020 11:02 PMShare This – xThe Calcutta High Court on Monday issued notices on a writ petition, seeking cancellation of registration of a Standing Counsel for the Central Government, allegedly for appearing for private parties in cases against the Union of India. The Bench of Justice Bibek Chadhuri has asked the Central Government, Bar Council of India, Bar Council of West Bengal, Standing Counsel Sayantan Basu…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Calcutta High Court on Monday issued notices on a writ petition, seeking cancellation of registration of a Standing Counsel for the Central Government, allegedly for appearing for private parties in cases against the Union of India. The Bench of Justice Bibek Chadhuri has asked the Central Government, Bar Council of India, Bar Council of West Bengal, Standing Counsel Sayantan Basu and other private Respondents, to file their replies within three weeks. The order has come in a petition filed by one Kanishk Sinha, alleging that Basu, a panel Counsel for the Central Government, had been appearing as a proxy counsel for private parties in litigations against the Government. Citing a number of such instances, he submitted that Basu had violated Rule 4 of the Rules on Professional Standards and Rule 8 of the Rules on an Advocate’s Duty Towards the Client. Reliance was also placed on an Office Memorandum dated 08.02.2018, issued by the Central Government, restricting its panel lawyers from accepting briefs that are opposed to the interests of the Government. “Free and fair trial is Sine qua non of Art. 21 of the Constitution. It is trite law that justice should not only be done but is should be seen to have been done. If the criminal trial is not free and fair and not free from bias, judicial fairness and the criminal justice system would be at stake shaking the confidence of the public in the system and woe would be the rule of law,” the Petitioner had submitted. The matter will be taken up after eight weeks. Case Title: Kanishk Sinha v. Bar Council of India & Ors. Click Here To Download Order Read Order Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

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Cleared: Suspicious package investigated at DSS was medical supplies, police say

first_img (Update 8 p.m.) — This story has been updated with additional information from Ithaca Police. ITHACA, N.Y. – The Tompkins County Human Services Building, 320 W. State Street, was evacuated Friday afternoon due to a report of a suspicious package.Police received a report of a package left on the ground near the building’s entrance at about 1:40 p.m. Friday.The building houses the Department of Social Services and Probation Department. center_img Devon Magliozzi Devon Magliozzi is a reporter for the Ithaca Voice. Questions? Story tips? Contact her at [email protected] or 607-391-0328. More by Devon Magliozzi Police said the package was about the size of a shoebox, and officers could not immediately determine its contents.“Out of an abundance of caution officers cordoned off the area and evacuated the building,” and IPD press release stated.It was determined that the package contained medical supplies packaged for disposal. It was safely disposed of.The Ithaca Fire Department and Ithaca Police Department investigated, and the Endicott Bomb Squad assisted on scene.Featured image: Police tape in front of the Human Services Building on Friday, April 12. (Devon Magliozzi/Ithaca Voice) Tagged: DSS, human services building, ithaca police department, probation, suspicious package Your Public Safety news is made possible with support from: last_img read more

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Government accused of doing ‘bare minimum’ on Brexit fishing issue

first_img Journey home will be easier – Paul Hegarty Facebook Harps come back to win in Waterford Twitter FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 Pinterest WhatsApp RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Google+ Twitter Previous articleHopes testing of close contacts can resume as soon as possibleNext articleLocal Leaving Cert students ‘frightened and lonely’ News Highland AudioHomepage BannerNewscenter_img Google+ Government accused of doing ‘bare minimum’ on Brexit fishing issue Facebook DL Debate – 24/05/21 WhatsApp By News Highland – January 19, 2021 Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction A Donegal Deputy has accused the Government of doing the bare minimum over designating extra fishing ports for UK registered vessels.Yesterday it was confirmed that affected fishermen will be permitted to land their catch in Greencastle, Burtonport, Rathmullan as well as Killybegs from February 1st.Deputy Thomas Pringle previously stated that Donegal alone needs seven such ports.He says the issue had been well flagged and could have been dealt with better long ago:Audio Playerhttps://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/pringlefish-1.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Pinterest News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24thlast_img read more

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15 countries make ‘Green List’

first_imgHomepage BannerNews 15 countries make ‘Green List’ By News Highland – July 22, 2020 WhatsApp Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme Google+ News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows The government has agreed on a ‘green list’ of 15 countries it’s safe for people to travel to without having to quarantine upon return.It was agreed at a meeting of Cabinet late last night after a day of obvious division in government over the plans.However the official advice remains for people to only undertake essential travel.Italy, Cyprus and Greece are all listed, as well as Finland, Norway, and the Danish territory of Greenland, but not Denmark itself.The Baltic states of Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia are included, as are Hungary, Slovakia, Monaco and San Marino.Arrivals from those states won’t have to restrict their movements for fourteen days, but the controls will continue for everywhere else beyond the island of Ireland.The list will be reviewed every fortnight based on public health adviceThe government says it will press ahead with plans to beef up the monitoring of new arrivals, including a proposal to test passengers who have symptoms at ports and airports.Passengers on a flight from the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius which landed at Dublin Airport at sixteen minutes past midnight were the first arrivals to benefit. Previous articleCalls for some restrictions to be re-imposed after increase in casesNext article9/1 winner for Harley at Sandown News Highland WhatsApp Facebookcenter_img Pinterest Google+ Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Pinterest Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Twitter Community Enhancement Programme open for applications Twitter Facebooklast_img read more

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Pittsburgh synagogue shooting victims to be laid to rest Wednesday

first_imgBRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images(PITTSBURGH) —  More victims of the Pittsburgh synagogue massacre will be laid to rest Wednesday.Friends and family will gather at separate funerals to remember Joyce Fienberg, 75, Irving Younger, 69, and Melvin Wax, 88, who were among the 11 worshippers gunned down at the Tree of Life synagogue Saturday. Fienberg, a former research specialist, is survived by her two sons and grandchildren. Her husband, “internationally acclaimed statistician” Stephen Fienberg, died in 2016.“My mother-in-law was one of the kindest humans I’ve ever met,” her daughter-in-law, Marnie Fienberg, told ABC News.Irving Younger, a former small-business owner and youth baseball coach, was a regular volunteer and worshipper at the synagogue, where he would come early and stay late, The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reported.“I wouldn’t be surprised if he saw this gunman walk into the room where the services were and his first thought was, ‘Can I help this stranger get settled?’ Until he saw what the stranger was doing — because that’s the kind of thought that he would have,” said Schachter, the former congregation president.Younger was also “the most wonderful dad and grandpa,”neighbor Tina Prizner told the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review.“He talked about his daughter and his grandson, always, and he never had an unkind word to say about anybody,” Prizner said. President Donald Trump and the first lady, joined by the president’s son-in-law Jared Kushner and daughter Ivanka Trump, visited the synagogue Tuesday afternoon.The president placed stones, as part of Jewish tradition, and white roses on the Stars of David set up in a makeshift memorial for those killed.Rabbi Jeffrey Myers — who escaped the gunfire Saturday — greeted the president outside the Tree of Life as protesters gathered nearby.Thousands of people from different faiths, apparently united in anger, marched toward the synagogue.“Words have meaning!” some neighbors screamed toward the president’s envoy.After visiting the synagogue, the president and first lady went to a hospital where they met police officers who were wounded in the attack and medical staff.Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

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Combined bottom-up and top-down pressures drive catastrophic population declines of Arctic skuas in Scotland

first_img1.Understanding drivers of population change is critical for effective species conservation. In the northeast Atlantic Ocean, recent changes amongst seabird communities are linked to human and climate change impacts on food webs. Many species have declined severely, with food shortages, and increased predation reducing productivity. Arctic skua Stercorarius parasiticus, a kleptoparasite of other seabirds, is one such species.2.The aim of the study was to determine relative effects of bottom‐up and top‐down pressures on Arctic skuas across multiple colonies in a rapidly declining national population.3.Long‐term monitoring data were used to quantify changes in population size and productivity of Arctic skuas, their hosts (black‐legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla, common guillemot Uria aalge, Atlantic puffin Fratercula arctica, Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea) and an apex predator (great skua Stercorarius skua) over 24 years (1992–2015) in Scotland. We used digital mapping and statistical models to determine relative effects of bottom‐up (host productivity) and top‐down (great skua density) pressures on Arctic skuas across 33 colonies, and assess variation between three colony types classified by host abundance.4.Arctic skuas declined by 81% and their hosts by 42%–92%, whereas at most colonies great skuas increased. Annual productivity declined in Arctic skuas and their hosts, and reduced Arctic skua breeding success was a driver of the species’ population decline. Arctic skua productivity was positively associated with annual breeding success of hosts and negatively with great skua density. Intercolony variation suggested Arctic skua trends and productivity were most sensitive to top‐down pressures at smaller colonies of host species where great skuas had increased most, whereas bottom‐up pressures dominated at large colonies of host species.5.Scotland’s Arctic skua population is declining rapidly, with bottom‐up and top‐down pressures simultaneously reducing breeding success to unsustainably low levels. Marine food web alterations, strongly influenced by fisheries management and climate change, are driving the decline, and this study demonstrates severe vulnerability of seabirds to rapid change in human‐modified ecosystems. Potential but untested conservation solutions for Arctic skuas include marine protected areas, supplementary feeding within colonies and management of great skuas.last_img read more

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